The relationships between paternalistic leadership and organizational citizenship behaviors: the mediating effects of leader-member relationship quality

Authors:Chin-Tien Hsu, Hsiu-Hua Hu, Hsiao-Chi Ling, Bor-Shiuan Cheng, Li-Fang Chou

Journal: Chiao Da Management Review. Dec. 2004, 24(2): 119-149.

Keywords:Paternalistic leadership; Military leadership; Leader-member exchange quality; Organizational citizenship behaviors

Military leaders play a very important role in the military organizations. However, for the past researches on military leaderships in Taiwan are mainly to verify theories developed by western countries without taking into account potential impacts of the theories due to cultural differences. In view of this point, our study utilizes the paternalistic leadership, an indigenous leadership style in Chinese societies, to examine the relationships between military leadership behaviors and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) in Taiwan. Additionally, this study adopts the Leader-Member Relationship Quality as mediators to explore the mediating effect between leadership behaviors and leadership effectiveness. Consequently, our study took 215 military leaders and 430 subordinates from 21 military units in Taiwan as subjects, and found that: (1) benevolent leadership and moral leadership have positive effects on OCBs, whereas authoritarian leadership has negative effects on OCBs; (2) The relationship between leaders’ benevolent and authoritarian leadership and OCBs will be mediated by leader-member exchange quality. The direction for further research and implications for practice in leadership were discussed finally.